Chess PGN Game Match played Morphy, Paul vs Lichtenhein, Theodor- in USA-01 Congress Grand Tournament, Open: Petrov – Italian variation

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Chess PGN Game Match played Morphy, Paul vs Lichtenhein, Theodor- in USA-01 Congress Grand Tournament, Open: Petrov - Italian variation

Match between Morphy, Paul and Lichtenhein, Theodor

Event: USA-01 Congress Grand Tournament

Variation: Petrov – Italian variation

Pgn File:

[Event “USA-01 Congress Grand Tournament”]
[Site “New York,NY”]
[Date “1857.10.23”]
[Round “3.2”]
[White “Morphy, Paul”]
[Black “Lichtenhein, Theodor”]
[Result “1-0”]
[ECO “C42”]
[EventDate “1857.10.06”]
[PlyCount “57”]
[EventType “k.o.”]
[EventCountry “USA”]
[Source “ChessBase”]
[SourceDate “2001.11.25”]
[EventRounds “4”]

1. e4 { Daniel Fiske: The First American Chess Congress New York 1857, p.
224 } 1… e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Bc4 Nxe4 4. Nc3 d5 { Giving back the pawn for
developement is not a bad idea. } 5. Bxd5 Nf6 6. Bb3 Bd6 7. d3 O-O 8. h3 h6
9. Be3 Nc6 10. Qd2 Na5 { Black looks okay } 11. g4 { It looks
hyper-agressiv to start an attack on the wing as long as the center is not
closed. } 11… Nxb3 (11… b5 { looks fine, to bring the Bc8 into the long
open diaogonal on b7. } 12. Rg1 Bb7 13. g5 Nxb3 14. axb3 hxg5 15. Nxg5 Bb4
{ With equal chances }) 12. axb3 Bd7 (12… b5) 13. Rg1 Nh7 { Too passive }
(13… Bc6) 14. Ne4 Kh8 { Again passive } 15. g5 h5 16. Nh4 g6 17. Qe2 Bc6
{ The Black position looks still okay } 18. f4 $6 { Maroczy: Paul
Morphy,S.35:” Führt zu einer großem Komplikation, welche Schwarz nicht
mehr beherrschen kann.” } (18. O-O-O $142 { Is more flexible. White can now
wait for the right moment to play f2-f4 or he can continue with d2-d4. }
18… Re8 (18… a5 19. f4 ( { Or even here } 19. d4)) 19. d4 { Is even
possible }) 18… exf4 19. Bd4+ { He wanted this diaogonal – but the e-file
can cause some troubles. } 19… Kg8 20. Nf5 Re8 $1 { Clever and cool
defence ! } (20… gxf5 $2 21. Nf6+ Kg7 22. Qxh5 $18) 21. Nh6+ Kf8 22.
O-O-O { He can’t omit this move, which he should have done at the 18th
move. } 22… Bxe4 $2 { Not the best, but not loosing } (22… Nxg5 { Easy
to find and critical. What can White do now? } 23. Nxf7 Kxf7 (23… Nxf7
24. Rxg6) 24. Nxg5+ Qxg5 $1 25. Qxe8+ Rxe8 26. Rxg5 f3 { And Black has two
strong pawns for the exchange. He will play for a win. }) 23. dxe4 $16 Qe7
24. e5 { A forcing move. Tactics will decide now and Morphy knows, that he
will see more than his opponent. } (24. Qc4 Qe6 25. Qc3 $16) 24… Bxe5 25.
Bxe5 Qxe5 26. Rd7 { Good shot } 26… Qg7 $2 { The expected mistake of the
weaker player. } (26… Qxe2 27. Rxf7#) ( { What about } 26… Nxg5 { It
will follow } 27. Rxg5 { And now? } 27… Qf6 $3 { The White Queen is
hanging, and th Knight is good for the attack, but how can he survive
without attack? These complex tactics were too difficult for Lichtenhein. }
28. Qc4 (28. Rxf7+ Qxf7 29. Nxf7 Rxe2 $19) (28. Qxh5 Rad8 $19 (28… gxh5
$4 29. Rg8#)) (28. Qd2 Re7 29. Rxe7 Qxe7 30. Rd5 Re8 { The white knight is
in a prison. } 31. Qxf4 Qe3+ 32. Qxe3 Rxe3 $15 { And Black is not bad,
maybe aliitle bit better. f.e. } 33. Rd7 Re7 34. Rd8+ Kg7 35. Ng8 Re5 36.
Rb8 f5 37. Rxb7 Kxg8 $17) 28… Re1+ 29. Kd2 Re7 30. Rxe7 Rd8+ 31. Kc1 Qxe7
32. Re5 Qf6 33. Re4 Kg7 34. Rxf4 Qe5 35. Qxf7+ Kxh6 36. Kb1 { with good
drawing chances for White. }) 27. Qc4 $3 { Already the winning move } 27…
Re7 28. Rxe7 Kxe7 29. Re1+ { Time 3 hours } (29. Re1+ Kd6 30. Rd1+ Ke7 31.
Qxc7+ Ke8 32. Re1+ Kf8 33. Qe7#) 1-0

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